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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1863 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1863
Ab urbe condita2616
Armenian calendar1312
Assyrian calendar6613
Baháʼí calendar19–20
Balinese saka calendar1784–1785
Bengali calendar1270
Berber calendar2813
British Regnal year26 Vict. 1 – 27 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2407
Burmese calendar1225
Byzantine calendar7371–7372
Chinese calendar壬戌年 (Water Dog)
4560 or 4353
    — to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4561 or 4354
Coptic calendar1579–1580
Discordian calendar3029
Ethiopian calendar1855–1856
Hebrew calendar5623–5624
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1919–1920
 - Shaka Samvat1784–1785
 - Kali Yuga4963–4964
Holocene calendar11863
Igbo calendar863–864
Iranian calendar1241–1242
Islamic calendar1279–1280
Japanese calendarBunkyū 3
Javanese calendar1791–1792
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4196
Minguo calendar49 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar395
Thai solar calendar2405–2406
Tibetan calendar阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1989 or 1608 or 836
    — to —
(female Water-Pig)
1990 or 1609 or 837

1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1863rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 863rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1863, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.


January 8: First transcontinental railroad


Jan.11: Battle of Arkansas Post.
February 7: HMS Orpheus sinks.


May 17: Manet's Le déjeuner sur l'herbe exhibited.


July: Battle of Gettysburg.


October: Red Cross

Date unknown[edit]



Photo of Swami Vivekananda in 1893
Swami Vivekananda


Helen Dortch Longstreet


Hugo Winckler
Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy
Henry Ford
Carlos I of Portugal


Edvard Munch



Antonio Valero de Bernabé


Eugène Delacroix
Jacob Grimm

In fiction[edit]


  1. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: Norton. pp. 239–42. ISBN 978-0-393-06618-0.
  2. ^ a b Resoconto del C.omitato cantonale di Soccorso intorno ai sussidi raccolti e distribuiti pei danni cagionati dalle nevi nel gennaio 1863. Lugano: Tip. Cantonale. 1864.
  3. ^ a b c Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1863". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
  4. ^ Boissier, Pierre (1985). History of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Volume I: From Solferino to Tsushima. Geneva: Henry Dunant Institute. ISBN 2-88044-012-2.
  5. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  6. ^ Smith, Peter (2000). "Ridvan". A concise encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. pp. 296–297. ISBN 1-85168-184-1.
  7. ^ a b Chaffin, Tom (2008). The H. L. Hunley: the Secret Hope of the Confederacy. New York: Hill and Wang. ISBN 978-0-8090-9512-4.
  8. ^ Letters Patent annexing the Northern Territory to South Australia, 1863 Archived June 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. National Archives of Australia.
  9. ^ Remy, Johannes. "The Valuev Circular and Censorship of Ukrainian Publications in the Russian Empire (1863-1876): Intention and Practice". academia.edu. Retrieved April 1, 2024.
  10. ^ Olavi Junnila (1986). "Autonomian rakentaminen ja kansallisen nousun aika". Suomen historia 5 (in Finnish). Helsinki: Weilin + Göös. p. 151. ISBN 951-35-2494-9.
  11. ^ "History of Bayer". Bayer. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  12. ^ Nolan, Daniel J. (2011). Clippers: the ships that shaped the world. Bray: Malbay Publishing. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-908726-00-1.
  13. ^ IL: Keltaristilippumme! Suomen lipuksi oli tyrkyllä monenlaisia yritelmiä - katso kuvat (in Finnish)
  14. ^ CommunicationSolutions/ISI, "Railroad — Western Railroad Company", North Carolina Business History, 2006, accessed 1 Feb 2010
  15. ^ Cozzens, Peter. The Shipwreck of Their Hopes: The Battles for Chattanooga. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994. ISBN 0-252-01922-9. Page 100.
  16. ^ Robert Ignatius Letellier (April 16, 2010). Opéra-Comique: A Sourcebook. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-4438-2168-1.
  17. ^ Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness Books. ISBN 0-8511-2359-7. OCLC 24175552.
  18. ^ "Pierre, baron de Coubertin | Biography, Olympics, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  19. ^ "IGNACIO COMONFORT" (in Spanish). Presidency de la Republica de Mexico. Archived from the original on May 30, 2019. Retrieved May 30, 2019.

further reading[edit]